Malawi is a landlocked country located in southeastern Africa, bordered by Mozambique, Zambia, and Tanzania.
The landscape is characterized by Lake Malawi (formerly Lake Nyasa), which occupies a large part of the eastern region, and the north-south running Rift Valley (Great African Rift Valley), featuring vast plains, mountain ranges, and high plateaus.
The estimated population of Malawi was around 17 million people in 2015. The majority of the population relies on agriculture, mostly in small-scale farming, with a significant portion of farms managed by women. The main staple food is maize, prepared as "Nsima," a type of maize porridge often eaten with beans and rice.
As a former British colony, Malawi has retained English as its official language. Additionally, various tribal languages and dialects continue to be spoken.
Despite being one of the poorest countries in Africa, Malawi has largely managed to ensure food security for its population through local agriculture. The majority of the people still reside in rural communities.
Moreover, the country has maintained uninterrupted democratic structures since gaining independence. However, the increasingly severe impacts of climate change pose a significant threat to these structures.